Earthquakes are one of the worst types of natural disasters. For all that we have the technology and equipment in those days, there is no real warning system for earthquakes. They can happen at any moment with devastating consequences. For this reason, it is very important for an earthquake preparedness plan and a stock of supplies of survival for your family. I live in "earthquake country." I live in the Seattle area and have a couple of earthquakes in my 12 yearsto live here. The scariest was February 28, 2001. We were shocked by an earthquake of magnitude 6.8. By the grace of God was about 30 miles below the surface, or the damage would have been much worse than it was. I was at a commercial truck dealer to work, and I will never forget the tractor swinging from side to side, so that the truck cabs were almost touching. It 'came so suddenly that I was not really time for this, think about what I should do. Iwent directly into survival mode, holding the next object solid. After the agitation was stopped pandemonium ... Traffic congestion, because everyone was trying to get home, all telephone circuits are blocked (such as mobile phones), has damaged some buildings and people in fear of aftershocks. Another big fear was that the earthquake or aftershocks may have left Mt. Ranieri, a disaster far worse than the 1980 eruption could be the mountain. Saint Helena. Everything turned out to be OK for 2001Quake ... The buildings were repaired and adapted to better resist earthquake damage and as far as I know I can not remember each life lost.
But is not the case with a lot of earthquakes. There are fault lines in almost every part of the world. If you pay on any type of support, if the television media, the internet or printing, you will recall, in the January 2010 earthquake in Haiti. There was a 7.0 magnitude and devastation caused by the poor and devastated country. It is estimated316 000 people lost their lives, another 300,000 were injured and more than 1,000,000 people were left homeless by this disaster. Most of the world swung into action and rescue me personally donated money and personal emergency kits to affected children in Haiti. This is really driving home the point how important it is to have a stockpile of food stored away for your family. Even with the efforts of the world, people still went hungry, thirsty andwithout clothes or blankets, because the last time some relief. Need to get to the most needy first, and it takes time to get all the others. If this were to happen on a large scale in the United States, it would supply business at hand so you do not have to feed your family off to someone else. I believe that in this country that there are these things for granted. Simple things, such as an adequate source of food, drinking water, first aid supplies,Power ... and the list goes on and on. We were spoiled, and it happens when a large-scale natural disaster, most people will be totally unprepared and off guard. The purpose of this article is to provide you and your family with the knowledge that you can help in an arm scenario earthquake. Please take time to read it and put some 'of these principles into practice. Then be sure to visit our store and make sure you have the offer in hand to be ready for any kindthe emergency situation.
What is an earthquake, and what it does?
Most of us know that the earth is made up of independent disks that sit opposite each other did. The point at which the blocks of land to do justice as a "mistake". If the two blocks to move from the ground and slip next to each other, which is what we call an earthquake. In an earthquake, there is a hypo-center and an epicenter. Hypo-center is the point underground where the earthquake began. The epicenter is the point onSurface directly above the hypo-center. If scientists, where they started an earthquake usually refer to determine the epicenter. The Earth is constantly moving and small earthquakes beneath the surface happens every day. We do not feel, because they are smaller and more deeply into the mantle. And 'how much slippage occurs, especially if they are close to the surface that we have an earthquake, it can feel devastating. Earthquakes are the shocks, that occurbefore the main shock, the most important earthquakes that we live, and it is always aftershocks (small earthquakes in the same place where the main shock has occurred), which can last for hours, days, months and even years after the main shock !
The first two layers of crust and mantle. The crust is the outermost surface and the mantle below the crust. The crust and upper mantle are divided into "pieces" that are constantly on the move(Very, very slowly). Where each panel met, the "boundary plate", and each plate boundary has many errors. The majority of earthquakes worldwide occur in these fault lines. The rough edges of the error and are locked together, while moving the blocks against each other under the ground. If the blocks (plates) with enough and have enough stored energy moves to break the will of error and the past ranging from their plans and move very suddenly, which causes theEarthquake as we know it. If all this energy is released, runs out in all directions from the center of the earthquake in a ripple effect that we call seismic waves. Seismic waves can propagate the earth literally as solid as a wave of liquid.
How we collect earthquake? Can we predict them?
The main tool used for recording the earthquake seismograph. Has a base that has its roots in the ground and a free weight hanging from a brooch that dependsbased on a rotating drum. Is paper is collected on the rotating drum, the drum rolls and scientists for analysis. If you are the earth shook the foundation will move with him, but the hanging weight and the pen in the air by a spring or a rope, so that they remain stationary, and draw a line on the drum of paper, which moves with the earth . A solid line a little 'that does not move up and down, there is much of an earthquake weakness. A long line ups and downs has indicated a strongEarthquake. The strength of an earthquake as is "Size".
There are two types of waves are associated with an earth quake. We have P (primary) and S waves (secondary) waves. P waves usually move horizontally through the ground and travel much faster than S waves S-waves move up and down and cause the shaking that looks like a wave liquid. S-waves travel slower than P waves The rate of two different types of waves help scientists to understand where the earthquake source. IfP and S waves are close together, you are near the epicenter. When the waves are P and S waves do not appear until a little 'later, it is further from the epicenter. The farther apart from the P and S waves are, the farther you are from the epicenter.
In addition to measuring the P and S waves, scientists use a method called "triangulation" to find the exact location of the epicenter. This method requires three different seismographs at three locations. Each site is connected toThe P and S waves to determine the distance they are from the earthquake. Once you know how far they are, draw a radius of a circle on a map. Once the data are compared with seismographs, and have at least 3 radius circle on the map, you can at the point where all three circles intersect and determine that this is the epicenter of the earthquake are looking for.
Earthquakes can not be predicted. Some people will tell you that certain weather conditions will be preceded by an earthquake.This has never been proven or quantified. You can also feel that animals have a sort of "sixth sense" to look out the earthquake before it happens mind. This may be some validity as the animals are much more sensitive than we ... so maybe you can feel the vibrations, before we can, or maybe you can hear subsonic or supersonic sound waves from the earth that we can not hear. Once again, we have no way to prove or quantify, but I see this as plausible. There are tons of theoriesout there about the prediction, but they are the best theories. We can not predict earthquakes, and we do not expect at this point in time.
Earthquake preparedness. What do I need before, during and after an earthquake:
There are so many variables to earthquakes, it is difficult to see a complete list of everything you should do is to give. This is a general list of concrete recommendations to make your family as prepared as you can be sure.
Before an earthquake:
Have a plan!This should be the No. 1 priority in disaster. Make a plan, go over with your family and practice at least twice a year. Make sure you know, the children how to dial 911. Teach family members how to turn off gas and water pipes. Have a communications plan if the family is separated. Identify a friend or relative who does not live in your area as a common contact and teach your children how to contact that person. It is often easier to select long-distance calls to the catastrophe.
ControlYour home for hazards. Within the water and gas lines must be flexible. Shelves must be securely attached to the wall. Keep fragile the lowest possible safe cabinets with latches. Heavy objects such as pictures or mirrors on beds or sofas or not a common area to sit or lay people to be hanged. Strap your water heater to wall studs or bolts to the floor. Check your foundation and upper limits for deep cracks and call in a professional way, if you need. Repair any deep cracksimmediately. Check the power lines and gas lines. If defective, they will be more likely to fire hazards. Store all flammable objects near the ground or containers in a secure fence with a latch.
Identify safe places to be. Some good places are inside against an inside wall, under sturdy furniture like a table or desk, away from glass (including windows) or heavy furniture that can tip over. If you are outside, try to get a location outside of buildings,Electrical or telephone lines, or highway overpasses.
Have disaster supplies stored and ready to go. A little 'more orderly in this article, which you can find a detailed list of emergency supplies and survival. Since these types of disasters can happen at any time, without notice, it is very important that you applied for your help at any time.
Share your knowledge with others. Talk to friends, family or someone in your community that listens. Many lives can be,saved to prepare ahead of time.
During an earthquake:
If you are in:
Drop, Cover and Hold On! Falling to the ground immediately. If you can get a piece of heavy furniture to make it robust, and cover your head. If you can not get with a sturdy piece of furniture, huddled in a corner inside of the building away from the glass (including windows).
Stay away from anything that can fall off or tip over. Stay away from anything fragile, such as fromGlass.
If you are in bed just to stay there. Cover the head with a pillow and wait for the shaking to stop. You may want to consider if you are under a heavy light, and mirror image, which can fall on you are.
If you close a door and want to use it for protection, so make sure you know that it is a sturdy, stable door, before you use it.
Stay inside and wait for the shaking to stop. Only move outside after the shaking and you're not sure it's safe to move. MoreInjuries occur when people move or outside if it is safe to do so try.
Be aware that you will probably sprinklers, fire alarm goes off and on, will probably be made more likely.
Try not to use, and the elevators!
If you are outdoors:
Stay out! If you can, in an open area away from buildings, electrical wires and poles or telephone and is basically everything that could break down.
Once outside, only to bewhich until the shaking stops. Most of the deaths and injuries occur when people try to run hit, to be out of a building or near a building and debris. Stay away from exterior walls and exits. Beware of broken glass, debris, collapsing walls, or (most likely the outer walls).
If you're in a vehicle:
Not just a few stops. Your vehicle. Remove from buildings, trees, electric and telephone wires or rods. To stay on the overpass,Bridges and highways, if possible.
It is done after the agitation, go with caution. Try to find all bridges, overpasses, in order to avoid the damaged roads or ramps. It may have been weakened by the earthquake.
If you notice debris and under:
Stand still. If you move, you can kick the dust.
Try to cover your mouth. You can your clothes when you can have.
Try to noise, without shouting. If you are near a bang tube, on it. If you happen to have a whistle to blow. Screamonly as a last resort, because if you scream can inhale harmful dust.
Do not use anything that makes a fire or a spark. This includes lighters, matches and electrical appliances. Probably there are broken gas lines or tanks containing flammable materials break.
After an earthquake:
Be prepared for aftershocks. They are usually weaker than the core technology, but can still be strong enough to inflict more damage, especially if a building or structure already weakened.Aftershocks can occur during the following hours, days, weeks, months and even years after the earthquake's true!
Find a way to listen to the latest emergency information. Use a battery operated radio or TV ... or even a battery charger. Torches emergency that we have many radio and cell phone charger or batteries. Just squeeze or crank to charge them.
Try to make calls to restrict incoming calls. Everyone tries to use the phoneattached to this type of event and circuits. Try not to contribute to the problem, if there is an absolute emergency situation. If you have designated a friend or relative was different for your family to contact, you may have better luck making another long-distance calling region. These circuits can be opened.
Be vigilant when you open the closet doors and closet. Things can move and can fall into when you open the door. Pay particular attention if the housing flammable materials, glass or otherstrongly in them.
If something is spilled, clean it immediately. This particularly applies to flammable liquids or chemicals like bleach and pesticides. If you smell smoke (such as natural gas) into the air, leave the area as quickly as possible.
Do not go near areas that have been damaged, if not explicitly required to do so by emergency personnel.
If safe to do this to help those who are injured. This applies especially to all your neighbors who are older, have children orthat can be disabled. If you can, first aid. If someone is seriously injured, do not try to move them, if they are given further immediate danger. Call for professional help.
Have you checked your home and offer:
Gas leaks: If you smell gas or hear a whistling or hissing, open a window to get back out! Leave the house and call the gas company or 911 The use of a phone nearby when you need it. If possible, turn off the gas mainValve. Remember that if you do this, must be rejected by a professional.
Electrical system: If you are hot or burning insulation, smell or notice sparks broken or frayed wiring, call an electrician immediately. When it is safe to do, go on the main switch and close the device. Be aware of water on the floor. If there is no electricity near water on the floor is shocked when you can get to step into the water.
Water and sewer lines, why is it so important that thehave a supply of emergency water on hand. If you also suspect that the water lines or sewers are damaged, call the water company and a plumber to come. Avoid using the toilet. Do not use tap water, until the lines were checked.
They have the relief of the earthquake at hand:
In most emergency situations, disaster, you can schedule to be run without electricity for some time. Floor without power for days, perhaps weeks, depending on the severity of the disaster. If you are a naturalGas, which is preparing to be from that as well. I recommend keeping a supply of emergency survival items stored in your home. I also recommend that you keep a survival kit or survival pack in the car. Here is a list of objects that is sorted all the houses for emergency disaster situations should have. If you have a specific room or safe haven to have the storm, keep your chances of survival, that it offers. Another good strategy is to provide several stocks in different areas of the house are where they are unableto do it in the safe zone.
All in an earthquake or a kit bag earthquake: for the house, office and especially to keep in the car. My favorites are the backpacks, which usually consist of 2 or 4 people. Most backpacks have enough supplies to survive, to take each person for 2 or 3 days. They generally consist of emergency food supplies, emergency water, first aid, blankets and emergency ponchos, light sticks, fire starter and more. There's everythingappropriately packaged in a backpack, you can literally take it with you wherever you go.
Emergency food: Gone are the days of super-salty, MRE meals bad tasting. Food technology has come a long way and today we have food, freeze-dried and dehydrated foods. Our advice is to freeze-dried foods. These are usually fully cooked meals that are flash frozen. They are flash-freeze the meal and then removed with vacuum technology to eliminate the residual oxygen. Some high-end companies such asMountain House, a process called "nitrogen flush", where the use of nitrogen to remove more oxygen, so that the life of the product will be significantly longer. Freeze-dried meals are usually 5-year shelf life, some even up to 25 years. All you have to do is, pour hot water, wait a few minutes and enjoy! We recommend keeping at least one week of food for each person in your family. Be aware of expiration dates on food emergencySupply and rotate the stock accordingly.
Water emergency: Emergency food and water are the two most important things at hand, next to the emergency room. But the water is actually more important than food. You can get much longer without food than water. It 'important to have a separate storage of water on hand just in case, keep the public water lines damaged, broken, or if the public water supply is contaminated. Another reason to keep the water right at your fingertips, just in casecaptured in your safe zone and can not have for your kitchen, bath or other public water supply. It is advisable to have a value of 1 week of water at your fingertips. I recommend 1 gallon per person per day. If you save water as water sealed in bottles or 55 gallons a barrel to have sealed, many of these solutions remain drinkable for up to five years. If you only keep the mineral water with a screw cap, I recommend cycling your water supply every 6 months. Council also have a water contentCleaning system at hand in case you need to use potable water questionable. Whether it's iodine tablets or a filter of high quality (preferably both), I recommend using some type of water treatment on the hand.
First aid kit: I recommend a series that has already brought it all together for you. Not only that there is a good selection of primary care teams, is also in a convenient package, you save space are packed. Most first aid kit first,First aid instructions such as CPR and other lifesaving techniques. We want to make sure that your kit includes the basics, such as plasters, bandages, burn gel, alcohol swabs, aspirin or other painkillers and cold pack, just to mention a few points.
Emergency lighting and power: for your own home, it's really cool to double emergency flares, as a night light. Holding it for the sockets and will act as a night light. If the power fails,they appear as bright light that can be accessed only from the outlet. Usually last for about 8 hours or so internal batteries. I also recommend storage flashlights, batteries are not. My favorite is easy to squeeze the torch, because it is much easier than the crank. The hand crank flashlights are still a great product as well and now many of them have built in radio and cell phone charger. Light sticks are a valuable tool for survivalScenarios for disaster. They are safe to use if you have a gas leak, because it does not emit heat or sparks of some kind, most last at least 8 hours or more. They also help to signal for help, especially the colored light sticks such as red or blue. These colors are really dark and it becomes much easier for rescuers to see. In an emergency, I recommend portable solar panels. They come in different sizes and different power levels. The larger units can power anyDevices such as laptops and mobile phones, and some can even jump start a car. The smaller units are generally only good for small devices such as mobile phones and handheld GPS devices. No matter what you choose, can be a lifesaver when the power is to be a longer period.
Portable camping stove: The first thing to remember with a portable camping stove that uses propane, so you do not use at home or if you think that is a gas leak in the vicinity! The exhaust gases can accumulateProcedure and can be fatal. You can really be a lifesaver when the electricity and natural gas are off. You can cook food water, cooking and drinking use it as a starter fire or heat source when you need it. All units, we present electrical power so that there is no need for matches. In addition, these side walls for the burners to block the wind. My site has the units from a highly portable fire all the way up to a 3-burner (still very mobile). They are very convenient andThey last for years to come.
Knives and tools of survival: I recommend a knife with you at all times. This is by far the most convenient way to survive you should have. Many of the survival knife used for many purposes today. They can be used to cut, saw, hammer, smash and much more. Most have a high carbon stainless steel blades, so that the blade will be very strong and stays sharp longer. There are other tools of survival are at hand rope, duct tape, multi-toolAx, fishing line and hooks can go start the fire, the fire go out, emergency blankets, ponchos emergency, dust masks and the list goes on and on. There are a variety of survival tools out there. The items listed above that are the fundamental principles that must be included in each kit.